Due to extensive hunting and forest clearance, the Abbott's Duiker is probably Africa's rarest forest antelope. It is also the least known, with the first photograph of a wild individual being acquired only in the last decade.
Since the Kipunji was discovered in 2003, intensive work has been conducted to understand the evolutionary biology, behavioural ecology and conservation status of this new genus of monkey.
Direct threats to Kipunji come from habitat destruction and hunting, the latter in the forest where individuals are trapped in snares, and in surrounding farmland during retribution for crop raiding. Fewer than 1200 individuals exist in just 17% of the available Livingstone and Rungwe forests, with range restriction due to a combination of ecological factors and the intensity of human impact (hunting, charcoal production and timber).
Meanwhile, local human population growth is rising by nearly 50% every 20 years, adding further pressure on natural resources and highlighting a serious and growing risk of increased habitat destruction, and thus significant impacts on these species.